Indonesia – Throughout and after the rainy season, beware of dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) by carrying out prevention as a form of protection against oneself and family.
Beginning in 2019 dengue cases began to appear in various regions. Until now, there have been dengue patients died in Labuan Bajo, Manado, and Jombang. Now, it’s time to know what can be done to prevent dengue.
First, protect yourself from dengue by avoiding mosquito bites. Especially if you live or travel to risky areas.
Start paying attention to clothes. Reduce using clothes that are too open. Preferably, choose trousers, long-sleeved tops, socks, and hats.
In addition, use repellent, known as a mosquito repellent lotion, one type of household pesticide used to protect the skin from mosquito bites.
For natural repellent products, you can use essential oils, such as lavender, cinnamon, tea tree, thyme, geraniol, citronella, and a mixture of lemon and eucalyptus,
Consider using traps and mosquito nets. Nets with insecticides are more effective because they will kill mosquitoes and other insects. Also, avoid fragrances for a while because they attract the attention of mosquitoes.
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If possible, try not to be outdoors at dawn, dusk and evening. You also need to pay attention to the water conditions around the residence. Puddles can make mosquitoes breed.
To reduce the risk of mosquitoes breeding in stagnant water, keep upside down buckets or cans so that water does not accumulate, remove excess water from plant pots, and clean various containers to remove mosquito eggs.
You also need to use a sewer trap that is not perforated, install a mosquito repellent valve, cover all traps that are rarely used, and replace water in a flower vase every day.
While in the house, always turn on the air conditioner or air conditioner.
Then, make sure the doors and windows are safe and free of holes. If the bed is not closed or air-conditioned, use a mosquito net.
After doing a variety of prevention, you also need to recognize the condition of DHF, including symptoms, in order to get treatment if you have unwittingly owned it.
DHF symptoms include high fever, headache, nausea, continuous and bloody vomiting, rashes, severe abdominal pain, bleeding gums, nosebleeds, difficulty breathing, fatigue, and cold skin.
However, many children and adolescents do not experience signs or symptoms, during cases of mild dengue fever. When symptoms appear, it usually occurs from four to seven days after you have been bitten by an infected mosquito.
Generally people will recover within a week or more. However, in some cases, DHF can be very severe, symptoms worsen, and life threatening. Blood vessels often become damaged and leak, then the clump forming cells (platelets) in your bloodstream go down.
Know that dengue fever is a viral infection that can cause life-threatening diseases. DHF is spread by aedes aegypti or aedes albopictus mosquitoes.
The cause is one type of dengue virus that is spread by mosquitoes which thrives in and near where humans live.
Generally, aedes mosquitoes are found in urban and suburban areas, reproducing in man-made containers such as tires, flower pots, and household water.